Praise be to Allaah.
The marital home is a noble and honourable home, which Allaah
has commanded both spouses to protect; the wife in particular is commanded
to protect the trust of this home, because she is the lady of the house.
It was narrated from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in the Farewell Khutbah:
“Fear Allaah with regard to women, for you have taken them as
a trust from Allaah, and intimacy with them has become permissible to you by
the word of Allaah. Your rights over them are that they should not allow
anyone whom you dislike to sit on your furniture. If they do that, then hit
them, but in a manner that does not cause injury or leave a mark. Their
rights over you are that you should provide for them and clothe them in a
reasonable manner.” Narrated by Muslim (1218).
The issue of permission to enter the marital home may be
summed up in the following points:
If the husband gives his wife clear permission to admit a
specific person who is one of her mahrams or a woman, or if his permission
is general, then it is permissible for the wife in that case to admit them
to his house, according to scholarly consensus.
If the husband has remained silent and not given permission,
then she should do what she thinks is most likely to be appropriate, and
allow to enter his house those whom she thinks her husband would most likely
not mind if they entered his house, of those for whom it is permissible to
enter upon the wife in her husband’s absence of mahrams and women. But if
she thinks it most likely that her husband would not want a specific person
to enter the house in his absence, then it is not permissible for her to
admit him. This is according to scholarly consensus.
It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (30/125):
One of the husband’s rights over his wife is that she should
not allow anyone to enter his house except with his permission, because of
the report narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), that
the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: “No woman should fast when her husband is present without his
permission, and she should not allow anyone to enter his house when he is
present without his permission.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (4899) and Muslim
Ibn Hajar quoted al-Nawawi as saying: This hadeeth indicates
that the wife should not overlook the right of the husband not to let anyone
enter his house except with his permission. This is to be understood as
referring to situations where she does not know whether her husband would
approve. But if she knows that her husband would approve of it, then there
is no sin on her, such as one whose custom is to admit guests to a place
that is prepared for them, whether he is present or not, so admitting them
does not need special permission from him.
To sum up, his permission is important and must be taken into
account, whether it is specific or general terms. End quote.
If the husband has clearly stated that he does not want a
specific person to be admitted, or anyone to enter his house in his absence,
then it is haraam for her to allow anyone to enter her husband’s house.
But does the husband have the right to tell his wife not to
allow her parents or mahrams to enter and visit her?
There is a difference of opinion among the scholars
concerning this issue and there are two views: that it is permitted and that
it is not permitted.
It says in al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (24:82):
The correct view according to the Hanafi madhhab, which is
also the Maaliki view, is that the husband should not prevent the wife’s
parents from entering upon her once a week, and he should not prevent other
mahrams from doing so once a year. The same applies to her children from
another husband if they are small; the husband should not prevent them from
entering upon her once every day. But if he thinks that her parents will
corrupt her, then they should be allowed to enter with a woman appointed by
the husband whom he trusts, and her wages are to be paid by him.
The Shaafa’i view, which is also one view among the Hanafis,
is that he may disallow them to enter, the reason being that the house is
his property and he has the right to forbid anyone to enter his property.
The Hanbalis are of the view that the husband does not have
the right to forbid her parents to visit her, because that is severing ties
of kinship. But if he knows from circumstantial evidence that some harm will
be caused by their visit, or by the visit of one of them, then he may forbid
it. End quote.
The most correct of these opinions is that the husband has no
right to prevent his wife’s parents and mahrams from visiting her, because
that is severing ties of kinship, and severing ties of kinship is haraam in
all cases. So it is not permissible for the husband to try to cause
something haraam to happen, rather he should strive to reconcile and uphold
ties of kinship. It is well known that honouring the wife’s mahrams is
honouring the wife and keeping good company with her. The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of you is the
one who is best to his family.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (3895); he said:
this is a saheeh ghareeb hasan hadeeth. It was also classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in al-Saheehah (1174).
If he is suspicious about one of his wife’s mahrams or he
thinks it most likely that one of them or one of the parents will try to
cause trouble between him and his wife, then in that case it is permissible
for him to prevent them from visiting, so as to ward off trouble, and there
is no sin on him in that case.
See question no. 10680.