I said to her that I cannot let her listen to a scholar who spreads innovations or a non-knowledgeable person; because it is my responsibility in front of Allah to guard her from such things. She sees this as dominating, and says that I do not trust that she can distinguish between what is right and what is wrong. She also says that the scholars she listens to are saying good things. Am I mistaken? Or it is my right and even duty to protect her?.
Praise be to Allaah.
A man has to strive to
guide his wife and encourage her to do the duties that Allaah has enjoined
as much as he can, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“O you who believe! Ward
off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) …”
The great scholar Abu Bakr
al-Jassaas (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Ahkaam al-Qur’aan
(3/697): This indicates that we have to teach our children and wives
religion and goodness, and whatever is essential to good manners.
This is supported by the
words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Each
of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock.” It is
well known that just as a shepherd is required to guard and protect those
under his care, he is also required to discipline them and teach them. End
The great scholar Ibn
Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on this verse:
Qataadah said: He should enjoin them to obey Allaah and forbid them to
disobey Allaah. He should take care of them as Allaah has commanded and
enjoin them to obey Him and help them to do so. If you see any disobedience
to Allaah, you should rebuke them for that. End quote.
If the brother has done the
marriage contract with this woman, then she is his wife and he has to strive
to teach her about her religion and help her to learn, but kindness and
gentleness should be the method he uses in achieving this aim. The Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When Allaah wills
good for the members of a household, He introduces kindness to them.”
Narrated by Ahmad; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Silsilah
al-Ahaadeeth al-Saheehah (3/219).
He has to stop her doing
that which will harm her religious commitment, such as listening to
misguided daa’iyahs, if what they promote is misguidance and scholars whose
religious commitment and knowledge is trustworthy have warned against them.
This applies if she is unable to distinguish between truth and falsehood.
But if she knows what is true and there is no fear that she may be
influenced by what the misguided daa’iyahs say, then there is nothing wrong
with her listening to them and accepting what is true and ignoring what is
false. This applies to the innovations that the scholars have denounced and
warned against. As for issues where there are differences of scholarly
opinion where ijtihaad is allowed and the scholars have different points of
view, it does not matter if the ordinary person follows one of them.
To sum up: You have to
protect your wife from misguidance and following whims and desires, but you
should be gentle with her, and try to convince her that people do not accept
falsehood unless it is mixed with truth so as to confuse them. If she
understands this, she will be convinced, in sha Allaah. You should also try
to provide a suitable alternative from daa’iyahs and scholars who are
trustworthy with regard to their religious commitment and knowledge, and who
attract people by their good presentation skills. You will find many of this
type, praise be to Allaah.
May Allaah help us and you
to do that which He loves and which pleases Him.
And Allaah knows best.