Friday, 27 May 2011

Tajweed quran, Learn quran tajweed - tajweed rules

Tajweed when related to the Holy Quran, means
recitation of the Holy Quran in the way the prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) recited the Quran. Tajweed in
general means ‘to make it fine”. As the Holy prophet
was the only person who produced the rightist
pronunciation of the Almighty’s words in the Holy
Quran. It is therefore imperative to learn Tajweed
to apply the same to read the Holy Quran for getting
exact pronunciation and meanings of the Quran words.

The word Tajweed linguistically means 'proficiency'
or 'doing something well'. It comes from the same
root letters as the word 'Jayyid' in Arabic (meaning
'good'): Jeem, Waw and Daal. When applied to the
Quran, it means giving every letter of the Quran its
rights and dues of characteristics when we recite
the Quran and observing rules that apply to those
letters in different situations. We give letters
their rights by observing essential characteristics
of each letter that never leave it. And we give them
their dues by observing the characteristics of each
letter that are present in them some of the time and
not present at other times.

The Quran was revealed with Tajweed rules applied to
it. In other words, when the angel Jibreel (alaihis
salaam) recited the words of Allah to the Prophet
Muhammad (pbuh) he recited them in a certain way and
he showed the Prophet (pbuh) the ways in which it
was permissible to recite the Quran. So it is upon
us to observe those rules so that we recite it in
the way it was revealed.

At the time of the Prophet (pbuh) there was no need
for people to study Tajweed because they talked with
what is now known as Tajweed so it was natural for
them. When the Arabs started mixing with the
non-Arabs as Islam spread, mistakes in Quran
recitation started appearing, so the scholars had to
record the rules. Now, because the everyday Arabic
that Arabs speak has changed so much from the
Classical Arabic with which the Quran was revealed,
even Arabs have to study Tajweed.

purpose of Tajweed

The Quran is the word of Allah, and its every
syllable is from Allah. Its recitation must be taken
very seriously. The purpose of the Science of
Tajweed in essence is to make the reciter proficient
in reciting the Quran, observing the correct
pronunciation of every letter with the rulings and
characteristics which apply to each letter, without
any exaggeration or deficiency. And so through this
the reciter can recite the Quran upon the way of the
Prophet (pbuh) who received it from Jibreel who
received it from Allah (subhanahu wa ta'aala) in the
Classical Arabic dialect that it came down in.

Arabic letters each have a Makhraj - an exit or
articulation point - in the mouth or throat from
which they originate and they also each have Sifaat
- attributes, or characteristics - particular to
them. Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter
is an important part of Tajweed. Sometimes two
letters have very similar exits which makes mixing
them up easy. So if a person does not know the
attributes of each letter there is a danger that he
will change the meaning of the words in Quran
recitation. Observing the rules of Tajweed in
reciting protects the reciter from making mistakes
in reciting the Quran.

Learning Tajweed is Necessary

Learning Tajweed is necessary because the glorious
Islam expanded in just a few decades of its
inception to most part of the world. The people
belonged to different regions in the world and so
did their languages. Even alphabets of the languages
were different. The Holy Quran is for the entire
world and uptil the Day of Judgment. With the spread
of Islam, Arab and Non-Arab were mixed together but
they had much difference in their languages and
accents. Even most of the Arabs can not read the
Holy Quran with Tajweed. At that time it was feared
that in the absence of Tajweed, if the original
spoken words of the prophets are not preserved, it
might lead to distortion of pronunciation in the
days to come. It was therefore necessary that
Tajweed rules should be scientifically outlined on
uniform basis for Arabs and Non-Arabs for preserving
the same wording, sounds, accent, pronunciation and
meanings. It is necessary both for Arabs and Non
Arabs to learn Tajweed and apply the Tajweed Rules
while reading Holy Quran

set Basic Tajweed Rules & what is authenticity of
Tajweed rules

No other than the prophet Muhammad PBUP; as the Holy
Quran was revealed to him from Allah the almighty
through the most responsible angel, Jibreel, who
instructed the prophet, PBUH how to pronounce the
words of the Holy Quran. The prophet Muhammad PBUH
taught these rules to his companions and they did
the same to the followers and so on till this day.
Therefore it can be surely said that these Tajweed
rules were set by the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) which
are being followed in letter and spirit by all
recites of the Holy Quran who recite Holy Quran
using the Tajweed rules.

Tajweed Scientific Test by Tajweed experts

After the spread of Islam, a number of scholars have
worked for making Tajweed rules adaptable for all
the people around the world. These Tajweed rules
have been tested scientifically for its uniformity
and integrity of the pronunciation. When Tajweed
rules are applied, every reciter whether its an Arab
or Non-Arab. produces the same sound of the Holy
Quran words giving the exact pronunciation for the
correct meanings.

Quran Teaching with Tajweed

Al-Hamdolillah, is teaching Holy
Quran with Tajweed online, where the tutors are well
qualified in teaching with Tajweed rules. A separate
Tajweed Course is also organized every now and then
for the learners so that they can read the Holy
Quran with Tajweed

the need for Tajweed rules?

When Islam was being spread (and it was done so at a
very quick pace and also into non-Arab speaking
countries) not everyone's tongue was accustomed to
the Arabic letters and sounds. Thus, when reciting
the koran, much error and distortion occurred and
the Muslim scholars feared (the perpetration of)
that error and distortion. It was at this point that
some of them recorded the rules and foundations that
regulate the correct pronunciation of Qur'an, and
they named this the Science of Tajweed.

The rules were not made up by these Scholars. In
fact, all they did was closely observe the perfect
readers who read as they were taught by the Prophet
() and wrote down for later generations the rules of
recitation of the earlier generations. From the
outset, Tajweed was a Science that cannot be learnt
only from a book and will always retain this
inherent quality.

The most important part of Tajweed is learning about
correct positions of the organs of speech and the
manner of articulation. The Quran can lose its
meaning if the letters are not pronounced correctly.

Helpful Tips towards learning Tajweed

You must find a Quran teacher who has studied
Tajweed to listen to your recitation and correct
you. Tajweed cannot merely be learnt from books,
because the movements of your mouth as well as the
sounds are important and only a teacher can correct
you and make sure you are applying the rules
correctly. Sometimes local Mosques will run classes.
Quran recitation is a science which was passed down
generation by generation through teachers not just
books, with a direct line to the Prophet (pbuh)

• Find a book containing the rules of Tajweed and
learn each rule little by little, applying it as you
go along with the help of your teacher. There are
many concise Arabic books and in English there are
some books as well as tapes to help. Look for books
with some drawings showing you how to pronounce each

• Listen to Quran tapes of reciters who recite very
clearly, at a medium or slow speed (like Sheikh
Hudhaify or Sheikh Muhammad Hosary) and try and
notice them applying the different rules of Tajweed.
Repeat after them while trying to apply the rules
you've learnt. Try to copy their tone and melody as
well and see how it changes as the meaning of what
they're reciting changes.

• Tajweed website: There is an excellent Tajweed
website I came across in English which details many
aspects of Tajweed in a very clear way including a
Question and Answer section:

• Tajweed Mus-haf: You can get a new Mus-haf (copy
of the Quran), called Mus-haf at-Tajweed, which has
the rules of Tajweed incorporated in the text of the
Quran in colour coding! This is very helpful as it
prompts you as you go along. There is also a
computer program you can buy with it which
highlights Tajweed rules with recitation.

• Tajweed Poem: If you know Arabic you could
memorize Ibn al-Jazaree's poem which contains all
the rules of Tajweed. You can get the poem on tape
sung as a nasheed in Arab countries. You might find
memorising the rules easy in this way.

• Try and apply the rules you learn to the Surahs
you have already memorised and don't become lazy
about reciting correctly. You might have to revise
the surahs by looking back at them.

• Practice and repetition will make perfect
InshaAllah: As Ibn al-Jazaree says in his poem about
acquiring Tajweed: 'And there is no obstacle between
it (learning Tajweed) and leaving it, Except that a
person must exercise his mouth with it!'



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