Monday, 3 October 2011

Ruling on calling upon the angels before sleeping


Among some of the common people there is the widespread practice of saying, before going to sleep, “O guardian angels, wake me up at such-and-such a time.”

Praise be to Allaah. 

is not permissible, and in fact it is a form of major shirk (al-shirk
al-akbar), because it involves calling upon someone other than Allaah and
asking for something from one of the unseen creatures. This is like asking
from the jinn or idols or the dead, because of the general meaning of the
words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning): 

the mosques are for Allaah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with

is Allaah, your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or
call upon instead of Him, own
not even a Qitmeer (the thin membrane over the date stone).

you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call; and if (in case)
they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on
the Day of Resurrection, they will
disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad) like
Him Who is the All Knower (of everything)”[Faatir

described calling upon anyone other than Him, such as the dead, idols, the
jinn or the angels, as shirk or the association of others in worship with
Him. He said (interpretation of the meaning) 

verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among
the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and
transgression”[al-Jinn 72:6] 

whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allaah, any other ilaah (god), of
whom he has no proof; then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely, Al
(the disbelievers in Allaah and in the Oneness of Allaah, polytheists,
pagans, idolaters) will not be successful”[al-Mu’minoon

So Allaah calls
those who call upon anyone other than Him kaafireen. 
This applies to all those who call upon anyone other than Allaah,
whether it be the dead, idols, jinn or angels; no one is exluded from that
except one who is alive, present and able to help, because Allaah says in
the story of Moosa (interpretation of the meaning): 

“The man of
his (own) party [religion] asked him for help against his foe”[al-Qasas

Examples of this
shirk are to be found in what some people say, such as “O jinn, seize
him” or “O seven (jinn), seize him” or “O jinn of the noon-time,
seize him” or “O jinn of such-and-such a valley” or “O jinn of
such-and-such a land”. All of this is major shirk and is calling upon
unseen creatures instead of Allaah. If a person says, “O angels of
Allaah, wake me up” or “protect me”, this is also major shirk, and
if he says, “O jinn protect me” or “wake me up”, this is also
major shirk. We seek refuge with Allaah from that. The Muslim must beware
of that and must seek help from Allaah alone and ask from Him alone, for
He is Sufficient and He is Able to do all things. Allaah is the One Who
says (interpretation of the meaning): 

your Lord said: ‘Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic
Monotheism) and ask Me for anything] I will respond to your
(invocation)’”[Ghaafir 40:60] 

when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I
am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of
the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor).
So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright[al-Baqarah

And the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If you ask of
anyone, then ask of Allaah, and if you seek help, then seek help from

We ask Allaah to
help us and all the Muslims to understand His religion and to keep us safe
from the things that cause His wrath, for He is the All-Hearing, Ever

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