Is it permissible to practise ‘azl (withdrawal or coitus interruptus) or a similar method (of contraception) if that will go on for two years or more, so that the wife can finish her studies before she gets pregnant? Or does this go against one of the most important reasons for marriage in Islam?.Praise be to Allaah.
One of the purposes of marriage in Islam is
to have children and increase the numbers of the ummah.
Abu Dawood (2050) narrated that Ma’qil ibn
Yasaar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Marry the one who
is loving and fertile, for I will be proud of your great numbers before the nations [i.e., on the Day of Resurrection].” Classed as saheeh by
al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 1805.
Practising ‘azl – which means ejaculating outside the vagina – is permissible, but that is
subject to the condition that it be with the wife’s permission, because one of her rights is full enjoyment, and another of her rights is to have
children, both of which are lost as a result of ‘azl.
It was narrated that Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah
said: We used to practise ‘azl at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when the Qur’aan was being
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4911; Muslim, 1440.
Muslim added: Sufyaan said: If there had been anything wrong with it, the Qur’aan would have forbidden it.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
With regard to ‘azl, some of the scholars
regarded it as haraam, but the view of the four imams is that it is permissible with the wife’s permission. And Allaah knows best.
See also Question no.
It is permissible for the spouses to agree on
family planning so long as that is temporary and not a permanent thing – subject to the condition that the means used does not cause any harm to
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy
on him) said:
With regard to using temporary means of
preventing pregnancy, such as when a woman gets pregnant easily and pregnancy is exhausting for her, and she wants to space her pregnancies so
they will be two years apart and so on, this is permissible so long as her husband gives his permission and so long as that will not cause her any
Risaalat al-Dimaa’ al-Tabee’iyyah li’l-Nisa’
And Allaah knows best.