Thursday, 11 August 2011

The creation of man


Can you tell me about the beginning of man's creation?

Praise be to

Allaah created Adam with His hand and breathed
into him his soul created by Him, and told His angels to prostrate to

Allaah created Adam from dust, as He says
(interpretation of the meaning): 

“Verily, the likeness of ‘Eesa (Jesus)
before Allaah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then
(He) said to him: ‘Be!’ — and he was”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:59] 

When Allaah had completed the creation of Adam, He
commanded the angels to prostrate to him, so they prostrated, except
for Iblees, who was present but he refused and was too arrogant to prostrate
to Adam: 

“(Remember) when your Lord said
to the angels: ‘Truly, I am going to create man from clay.

So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him
(his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.’

So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them,

Except Iblees (Satan), he was proud and was one of
the disbelievers”

[Saad 38:71-74 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Then Allaah told the angels that He was going
to place Adam on earth and make generations after generations of his
offspring, as He said (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And (remember) when your Lord said
to the angels: ‘Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after
generations on earth’”

[al-Baqarah 2:30] 

Allaah taught Adam all the names: 

“And He taught Adam all the names
(of everything)”

[al-Baqarah 2:31 – interpretation of the meaning] 

When Iblees refused to prostrate to Adam, Allaah expelled
him and cursed him: 

“(Allaah) said: ‘Then get out from
here; for verily, you are outcast.

And verily, My Curse is on you till the Day of Recompense’”

[Saad 38:77-78 – interpretation of the meaning] 

When Iblees knew of his fate, he asked Allaah
to give him respite until the Day of Resurrection:

“[Iblees (Satan)] said: ‘My Lord!
Give me then respite till the Day the (dead) are resurrected.’

(Allaah) said: ‘Verily, you are of those allowed respite

Till the Day of the time appointed’”

[Saad 38:79-81 – interpretation of the meaning] 

When Allaah granted him that, he declared
war on Adam and his descendents, made disobedience attractive to them
and tempted them to commit immoral actions: 

“[Iblees (Satan)] said: ‘By Your
Might, then I will surely, mislead them all,

Except Your chosen slaves amongst them (i.e. faithful,
obedient, true believers of Islamic Monotheism).’”

[Saad 38:82-83 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah created Adam, and from him He created his
wife, and from their progeny He created men and women, as He says (interpretation
of the meaning): 

“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord,
Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He
created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men
and women”

[al-Nisaa’ 4:1] 

Then Allaah caused Adam and his wife to dwell
in Paradise, as a test for them. He commanded them to eat of the fruits
of Paradise but He forbade them to eat from one tree: 

“And We said: ‘O Adam! Dwell you
and your wife in the Paradise and eat both of you freely with pleasure
and delight, of things therein as wherever you will, but come not near
this tree or you both will be of the Zaalimoon (wrong-doers)’”

[al-Baqarah 2:35 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah warned Adam and his wife against the
Shaytaan, as He said (interpretation of the meaning): 

“O Adam! Verily, this is an enemy
to you and to your wife. So let him not get you both out of Paradise,
so that you will be distressed”

[Ta-Ha 20:117] 

Then the Shaytaan whispered to Adam and his wife,
and tempted them to eat from the forbidden tree. Adam forgot and could
not resist the temptation, so he disobeyed his Lord and ate from that

“Then Shaytaan (Satan) whispered
to him, saying : ‘O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and
to a kingdom that will never waste away?’

Then they both ate of the tree, and so their private
parts became manifest to them, and they began to cover themselves with
the leaves of the Paradise for their covering. Thus did Adam disobey
his Lord, so he went astray”

[Ta-Ha 20:120-121 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Their Lord called to them and said (interpretation
of the meaning): 

“Did I not forbid you that tree
and tell you: Verily, Shaytaan (Satan) is an open enemy unto you?”

[al-A’raaf 7:22] 

When they ate from the tree, they regretted
what they had done, and said: 

“Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves.
If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly
be of the losers”

[al-A’raaf 7:23 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The sin of Adam stemmed from desire, not from
arrogance, hence Allaah guided him to repent and He accepted that from

“Then Adam received from his Lord
Words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily,
He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful”

[al-Baqarah 2:37 – interpretation of the meaning] 

This is the way for Adam and his descendents:
whoever sins then repents sincerely, Allaah will accept his repentance: 

“And He it is Who accepts repentance
from His slaves, and forgives sins, and He knows what you do”

[al-Shoora 42:25 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Then Allaah sent Adam and his wife, and Iblees,
down to the earth, and He sent down Revelation to them and He sent the
Messengers to them.  So whoever believes will enter Paradise and
whoever disbelieves will enter Hell: 

“We said: ‘Get down all of you from
this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance
from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on
them, nor shall they grieve.

But those who disbelieve and belie Our Ayaat (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) — such are the
dwellers of the Fire. They shall abide therein forever’”

[al-Baqarah 2:38-39 – interpretation of the meaning] 

When Allaah sent them all down to the earth,
the conflict between faith and kufr, between truth and falsehood, between
good and evil, began, and it will continue until Allaah inherits the
earth and everyone on it: 

“(Allaah) said: ‘Get down, one of
you an enemy to the other [i.e. Adam, Hawwa, (Eve), and Shaytaan (Satan)].
On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time’

[al-A’raaf 7:24 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah is Able to do all things. He created
Adam with no father or mother, and He created Hawwa from a father with
no mother, and He created ‘Eesa from a mother with no father, and He
created us from a father and a mother. 

Allaah created Adam from dust, then He made
his descendents from semen of despised water, as He says (interpretation
of the meaning): 

“Who made everything He has created
good and He began the creation of man from clay.

Then He made his offspring from semen of despised
water (male and female sexual discharge).

Then He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed
into him the soul (created by Allaah for that person); and He gave you
hearing (ears), sight (eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give!”

[al-Sajdah 32:7-9] 

How man is created in the womb, and the stages
which he goes through, is a wondrous thing. Allaah mentioned this in
the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And indeed We created man (Adam)
out of an extract of clay (water and earth).

Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as
a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge and lodged
it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman).

Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (a piece of thick
coagulated blood), then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh,
then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed
the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation.
So Blessed is Allaah, the Best of creators”

[al-Mu’minoon 23:12-14] 

Allaah Alone creates whatever He wills. He
knows what is in the wombs, and He decrees provision and lifespans (for
His creatures): 

“To Allaah belongs the kingdom of
the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female
(offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom
He wills.

Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders
barren whom He wills. Verily, He is the All‑Knower and is Able
to do all things”

[al-Shoora 42:49-50 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The Prophet

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has appointed
an angel over the womb. He says, ‘O Lord, a drop of semen (nutfah);
O Lord, a clot (‘alaqah); O Lord, a little lump of flesh (mudghah).’
Then if Allah wishes (to complete) its creation, the angel asks, (O
Lord) male or female, wretched (doomed to Hell) or blessed (destined
for Paradise)? How much will his provision be? And what will his lifespan
be?’ So that is written whilst (the child) is still in the mother's

(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 318) 

Allaah honoured the children of Adam and subjugated
for their benefit that which is in the heavens and on earth: 

“See you not (O men) that Allaah
has subjected for you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is
in the earth, and has completed and perfected His Graces upon you, (both)
apparent (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, and the lawful pleasures of this
world, including health, good looks) and hidden [i.e. one’s faith in
Allaah (of Islamic Monotheism), knowledge, wisdom, guidance for doing
righteous deeds, and also the pleasures and delights of the Hereafter
in Paradise]?

[Luqmaan 31:20 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah has distinguished and honoured man
with reason by which he knows his Lord, Creator and Provider, and by
which he knows what is good and evil, what will benefit him and what
will harm him, what is halaal and what is haraam. 

Allaah did not create man and leave him alone
with no path to follow. Rather, Allaah revealed the Books and sent Messengers
to guide mankind to the Straight Path. 

Allaah created people with a natural inclination
towards monotheism (Tawheed – belief in the Oneness of Allaah). Every
time they deviated from that, Allaah sent a Prophet to bring them back
to the Straight Path. The first of the Prophets was Adam and the last
was Muhammad

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): 

“Mankind were one community and
Allaah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He
sent down the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters
wherein they differed

[al-Baqarah 2:213 – interpretation of the meaning] 

All the Messengers called people to the same
truth, which is the worship of Allaah alone and to reject all gods besides

“And verily, We have sent among
every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship
Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities,
i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).”

[al-Nahl 16:36 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The religion with which Allaah sent the Prophets
and Messengers was the same, i.e., Islam: 

“Truly, the religion with Allaah
is Islam”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:19 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The last of the heavenly Books which Allaah
revealed was the Qur’aan, confirming the Books which came before it,
and as a guidance to all of mankind: 

“(This is) a Book which We have
revealed unto you (O Muhammad) in order that you might lead mankind
out of darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light

[Ibraaheem 14:1 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The last of the Prophets and Messengers whom
Allaah sent was Muhammad

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): 

“Muhammad is not the father of any
of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allaah and the last (end) of
the Prophets”

[al-Ahzaab 33:40 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah sent Muhammad

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to all of mankind: 

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘O mankind! Verily,
I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allaah’”

[al-A’raaf 7:158 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The Qur’aan is the last and greatest of the heavenly
Books and Muhammad

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the last and best of
the Prophets and Messengers. 

Allaah has abrogated all of the heavenly Books with the
Qur’aan, so whoever does not follow the Qur’aan and enter Islam and
believe in the Messenger

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and follow him, his deeds
will not be accepted: 

“And whoever seeks a religion other
than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he
will be one of the losers”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:85 – interpretation of the meaning]

 The religion which was brought by Muhammad

(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) confirms the message brought
by the Prophets before him, in its basic principles and advocation of
noble characteristics, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 “He (Allaah) has ordained for you the
same religion (Islamic Monotheism) which He ordained for Nooh (Noah),
and that which We have revealed to you (O Muhammad), and that which
We ordained for Ibraaheem (Abraham), Moosa (Moses) and ‘Eesa (Jesus)
saying you should establish religion (i.e. to do what it orders you
to do practically) and make no divisions] in it (religion) (i.e. various
sects in religion).

[al-Shoora 42:13] 

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